Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure in which a husband’s semen sample is placed in the woman’s uterus, at the time of ovulation with a sterile flexible catheter. The semen sample is prepared via centrifugation to remove dead sperms, bacteria and pus cells and get a high concentration of motile sperms. The aim is to help a good number of motile sperms reach the fallopian tube where fertilization of the egg takes place. It is a simple procedure that requires no admission or anaesthesia.
IUI with husband’s sperm procedure can be done in cases of :
- Sexual dysfunction where the husband has ejaculatory or erectile dysfunction.
- Low sperm count or motility.
- Unexplained infertility.
- In cases where the husband has a travelling job and is not available to give semen sample on the day of IUI. In such cases the semen sample can be frozen prior to the date of IUI.
- Artificial Insemination with Donor Semen (IUI- D)- The above procedure is done using a donor sperm in case the husband is azoospermic (No sperm production at all). It may also be done Where there is severe male factor and patient cannot afford ICSI. ( eg. Low sperm count and motility/ only testicular sperm available for fertilization).