If you are a man in a relationship and your partner is not getting pregnant and its something both of you want then visits a doctor. There is a lot of tests you can take to find out if you are infertile and learn what kind of treatment is correct for you.
Get the Evaluation Done
The doctor will give you a physical exam and ask you about your lifestyle and medical histories like surgeries you had, the medication you are presently taking, your exercise habit, and your habit to smoke and take recreational drugs. The doctor will do a frank discussion about your sex life and discuss if you had any sexually transmitted diseases. Then you will be asked to give a sample of semen for analysis.
- Sperm and semen analysis
A trained expert will check your sperm count, their shape, movement and another characteristic. Generally, 15% of infertile men have normal semen and plenty of normal sperm. You may be asked for a second test to confirm the result. If the doctor has conducted two such tests it means the person does not have any major childlessness problems.
- Physical exam
The doctor might find varicoceles, abnormal formation of veins above the testicles. You can get this corrected by surgery.
- Hormone evaluation
Testosterone and other hormone control the making of sperm. To keep the tip in mind is that hormones aren’t the chief problem in about 97% of infertile men.
- Genetic testing
It can identify specific obstacles to fertility and problems with your sperm.
- Anti-sperm antibodies
Some men have abnormal antibodies which attack the sperm on the way to the egg, which keeps your partner from getting pregnant. A person with these circumstances have normal sperm in their testicles but the sperm in semen is either missing, in low numbers or abnormal.
There are several reasons why you might have low sperm in your semen even if the body is making enough of it. It could be due to following reason:
- Retrograde ejaculation: In this condition, your sperm ejaculates backward into your bladder. It can be caused by a early surgery.
- You have missing sperm pipeline called vas deferens: Its a genetic problem. Some men are born without the main pipeline from sperm.
- Obstruction: There can be an obstruction somewhere between the testicles and the penis
- Anti-sperm antibodies: They attack sperm on their way to the egg.