PolyCystic Ovarian Disease, commonly known as PCOD is one of the most common causes of infertility. It commonly occurs in reproductive age, that is from 18 to 45 years. PCOD problem can be hereditary as well. In this article, you will find all the information about PCOD – problem symptoms and treatment. Patients suffering from PCOD may have type 2 diabetes as well along with endometrial disorders. It must be examined properly to rule out these commonly associated disorders. The common symptoms and treatment of PCOD are as follows –
Symptoms of PCOD
- Menstruation Issues – In most cases, the menstrual periods are either irregular or severe or even completely absent. The periods are said to be absent if the patient hasn’t experienced a menstrual period in the last three months or so.
- Increase in male hormones – The main reason behind all these symptoms are increase in male hormones known as androgens increase. It is the cause of hirsutism (increased hair growth on face and body) and acne etc.
- Skin issues – The androgen increase is responsible for body and face acne. It also causes one of the most embarrassing problems in females, which is unwanted facial and body hair. They occur commonly on chin and chest area.
- Hair thinning – Androgens are also responsible for hair thinning or even patchy hair in severe PCOD and hormonal disturbances.
- Bodyache and fatigue – body ache mainly involves pain in pelvic area and lower abdomen. This causes unusual fatigue as well.
- Increase in body weight – Obesity is one of the known reasons behind infertility in females.
- Depression and anxiety – The above said symptoms cause depression and anxiety in females suffering from PCOD.
- Trouble in conceiving – Trouble in getting pregnant is the severe most symptoms of PCOD. If the couple is trying to have a baby for the last one year then infertility can be diagnosed.
How the Diagnosis of PCOD is made?
Diagnosis of PCOD is confirmed by ovarian cysts in ultrasound and the symptoms. However, not every pcod patient has cysts as the symptoms are quite clear and evident in most females.In this case, symptoms tell better than the ultrasound.
Treatment of PCOD
- Lifestyle Changes – Increase in physical activities and active lifestyle are the main changes required to curb the symptoms.
- Weight Loss – Exercises, dietary changes and an active lifestyle is required for the weight loss. Losing excess body weight can boost the chances of getting pregnant as well.
- Medications – oral contraceptives and hypoglycemics such as metformin etc are known to balance the hormones and decrease the symptoms. Other medications to boost ovulation are also required to increase fertility.
- Treating insulin resistance – If the type 2 diabetes is also there, then the treatment of insulin resistance is required as well.
- Dietary changes – The patient is advised to eat more fruits and veggies. Avoidance of junk and fried food is also suggested to maintain a healthy weight.
- IVF – If all the above measures fail, then the assisted reproduction measures are taken. In vitro fertilization is the most preferred one among them with high success rate. ferticity is the best ivf centre in delhi with our experienced doctors and world-class facilities.
- Surgical Treatment – The surgical laparoscopic treatment of PCOD is ovarian drilling. Ovarian drilling resets the ovulation cycle and thereby boosts the chances of getting pregnant.
After getting a glimpse of PCOD problem, symptoms and treatment, if you want to book an appointment with our fertility doctors, then you can book it here.